The tariff structure for academics' salaries is very transparent in Germany. This is a good approach in light of the many different payment models in academia. It is important to note that this career will not make you rich!
Although there are positive signs of change, working conditions for postdocs in Germany remain difficult. Andreas Keller, director of the GEW explains exactly where the problems lie and what changes still need to be made.
In Austria, everyone who has their usual residence in the country is subject to tax. The country allows for generous benefits to scientists and researchers to attract people from these fields from outside the country to move to Austria to live and work. This article will help you have a greater understanding of the Austrian income tax system before you arrive.