The history of Bonn dates back over 2,000 years when 'Bonna' was established as a Roman camp in around 20 BC. Over the centuries the camp became a settlement, fortified town and eventually the residence of a prince elector.
From 1949 to 1990, Bonn was the capital of West Germany and the official seat of government. When Berlin regained its status as capital, the national parliament and many national government institutions relocated from Bonn to Berlin in 1994. Since then Bonn has remained a political centre and is now home to six out of fifteen ministries. The President of Germany and the Chancellor still maintain a second official residence in Bonn.
Bonn's famous skyscraper, the Langer Eugen, which housed offices of members of parliament until they moved to Berlin, is now used by 19 organisations within the United Nations. It forms the centre of the UN campus.
Living in Bonn
Culturally speaking, Bonn has a lot to offer. The Museum Mile features the art and exhibition hall with a sculpture garden on the roof, the House of History, the König research museum (one of Germany's best natural history museums) and more.
As the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven, Bonn has established the annual Beethoven Festival which attracts thousands of visitors from both Germany and further afield.
The Rhine promenade affords a wonderful view of the Siebengebirge hills including Castle Drachenburg or Nightingale Valley. Cologne and the Ruhr area are just a short distance away, providing a variety of options for taking trips as well as the benefits of proximity to Cologne Airport, good infrastructure and international connections. By nationwide comparison rents are relatively low.
Typical aspects of Bonn
The Post Tower of the Deutsche Post is the city's tallest building and dominates the skyline.
As a Rhineland city, carnival is naturally a very important occasion in Bonn. Once a year the revellers take over and wear colourful costumes and throw sweets as decorated floats parade through the streets.
Due to having no more than 300,000 residents, Bonn is jokingly referred to as the 'Federal Village'. The locals are relaxed enough to take such banter in their stride.