Which collective agreements regulate the salary of postdocs in Germany?
Many postdocs are employed as researchers at a university or non-university research institution. They are therefore civil servants and their salary is governed by a collective agreement. Depending on the institution, this is either based on the collective agreement for civil service (TVoeD) or the collective agreement for the civil service in the individual federal states (TV-L). As the state of Hesse is not a member of the other federal states' collective bargaining community, it has its own collective agreement for its employees, the TV-H. The employee ratio is the most common income option for postdocs. Advanced postdocs who have their "own job"or work as junior research group leaders are also hired as researchers. In principle, it is also possible to finance a scholarship. Some state doctorate posts provide an official position as an academic advisor which usually has a limited term and is remunerated according to salary grade A13.
Which pay bands apply to postgraduates in Germany?
The TVoeD, the TV-L as well as the TV-H specify 15 pay bands based on professional qualifications. Postgraduates' salaries are categorised into pay bands 13–15. If you are just entering the postgraduate phase, you are usually paid according to pay band 13. In contrast, junior staff and research group leaders usually receive a salary according to pay bands 14 or 15, as they have more responsibility. A differentiation is made within the pay bands on the basis of experience levels.
Which levels of experience are used to classify postdocs?
The professional experience of researchers in general and postdocs can vary widely. Pay band 13 includes people who have only just accepted a doctoral candidate position and seasoned postdocs with many years of research experience. For this reason, employers also differentiate by experience levels. Since 2018, not only the TvoeD, but also the TV-L and the TV-H distinguish between six levels of experience, each with increasing time spent at each stage. Level 1 is reserved for newcomers to the respective pay band and must be fully completed during a single employment contract. Since time spent as a doctoral candidate is included, Level 1 is less common for postdocs.
What happens when an individual moves to a higher pay band?
If, for example, a postdoc is appointed as head of a junior research group they will, as a rule, be moved up to a higher pay band. This would actually mean starting again at experience Level 1, and in many cases this would result in a loss of salary. However, the collective agreements ensure this cannot happen, and the institutions classify employees in such a way that they are paid at least the same salary as previously.
What is the salary of postgraduates in Germany?
The collective bargaining agreements for civil servants are renegotiated once every one or two years. These negotiations involve better conditions for employees and, in particular, a decent salary increase. The amounts shown in the tables apply to a full-time position. For part-time jobs with 50% hours worked, the salary is halved.