The first thing that counts is your degree: a university Diplom (approximately equivalent to a master's) in a scientific subject attracts a starting salary of approximately 48,000 euros, a master's degree 47,200 euros and a Diplom from a university of applied sciences 45,950 euros. At 42,400 euros, a bachelor's degree attracts a little less. A doctorate in natural sciences costs time and energy, but will bring in a few thousand extra euros a year, namely around 55,300 euros.
The degree subject itself also affects salary level: the highest starting salaries are commanded by graduates of subjects relating to pharmaceuticals, followed by engineers, mathematicians, medical engineers, physicists, chemists and biologists. Computer scientists bring up the rear. Those for whom a high salary is important should seek employment in industry. Above-average starting salaries for natural scientists are paid in the precision engineering/optics, automotive and chemical industries. Research institutions on the other hand pay significantly less.
Those who take up management responsibilities can increase their salaries further. Research takes place both at universities and at publicly funded non-university research institutions; the lion's share of research projects, however, is conducted in industry. In general, salaries at universities and research institutions are on average 30% lower than those in industry.
Where are salaries highest, where are they lowest? Where are particularly attractive salaries on offer? And how can academics improve their salary prospects? The current salary comparison conducted by PersonalMarkt based on an evaluation of 15,857 datasets highlights the following factors as decisive for a good salary.