Doctorates following the traditional model still make up the majority of PhDs in Germany compared to structured programmes. For doctoral candidates from abroad, a traditional PhD requires a great deal of initiative, autonomy and tenacity.
Frankfurt am Main has a centuries-old tradition as a location for academia and research. In addition to Europe´s second largest airport, it has the highest concentration of banks.
Whether or not a foreign university degree is recognised in Germany is regulated by state-level laws on higher education.